Taking care of kids with autism entails more than just giving general treatments or prognosis. Child psychologists around the world agree that taking care of them means identifying the exact symptoms that they are exhibiting, and tailor making the treatment to ensure that the conditions are improved and that autism in all its manifestations becomes less of a hindrance in their lives. Autism is actually a brain developmental disorder that affects children all the way to toddlers. While they are more commonly seen in children aged 3 – 5, infants can display some of the early warning signs of the mental disorder. It affects many functions of the brain and these can include areas of speech, cognitive ability, mental focus, learning and communication. This is why autistic children have difficulty expressing themselves or even reacting normally to social situations and stimuli. To properly take care of a child with autism, you need to identify the specific symptom that they have and this can be broken down into three main categories or classifications. One of them is social development, or the inability for infants and children to react to social situations. Humans with normal mental and social functions are able to comprehend and break down social situations, as well as have some level of spontaneity when they come face to face with meeting people. Autistic children tend to be very shy and fearful of these situations. They keep to themselves and often can experience long hours of quiet spells while ignoring their peers around them. They are also unable to express themselves properly and their lack of understanding causes them to be nervous, afraid and seek the shelter of their primary care giver, which they have created this amazingly strong bond with. This is called a form of ‘social deviance’ and can manifest itself in symptoms like lack of eye contact, acting out, tantrums when faced with social situations, inability to respond to emotions and nonverbal communication. The other category of autistic symptoms are of course communication problems and this takes the form of the inability to express themselves through speech and expression. To get down to the mechanics of the issue, autistic children often regress when it comes to normal and natural learning, which means they have to be trained in all nuances of speech therapy to ensure that they can communicate effectively with other people. Some children and even older ones experience an acute communicative problem such as this and thus have to be treated with structured learning or even speech therapy when they are young. It can also take the form of repetitive behaviour, where they are either stereotypy, compulsive, ritualistic, restricted or even practice self injury. These are sure signs that the child is autistic and therapy must be initiated with the child at one. The environment is also important, there must be plenty of parental love and guidance – the two most important aspects of support to child therapy that can improve their chances of running a normal life.